Infrastructure Monitoring is the key process and methods to diagnose and troubleshoot the performance and capacity problems across different components of the datacenter such as compute, storage, network and security before a production outage occur. Monitoring the IT infrastructure resources and generating alerts automatically will allow organizations to get the most efficient use of the resources by ensuring that computing, networking, and storage resources are properly allocated and that they are correctly engineered and are working as expected.

Also Read: Infrastructure Security Basics and Fundamentals

Previously, we learned the basics and fundamentals of the important components of any IT datacenter such as Compute Virtualization, Storage, Network and Security. In this post, we will quickly review the basic concepts of Infrastructure Monitoring such as different types of Monitoring approaches, techniques, design and best practices that need to be implemented in both on-prem and cloud datacenter.


Different Types of Infrastructure Monitoring

Today, there are many monitoring tools available in the market and each vendor offers one or both of the below types of monitoring.

Agent based monitoring

  • Agent based monitoring tools are usually designed specifically for a particular platform and they are capable of collecting and analyzing the data from the wide variety of systems.
  • This type of monitoring requires a software or package to be installed on the systems to collect and send the data to central monitoring platform.
  • Therefore, compatibility of these tools on the existing systems has to be checked first before deploying the software’s.
  • Since these are vendor specific and its proprietary nature makes it difficult to migrate monitoring data to a different platform without data loss.

Agentless monitoring

  • This type of monitoring doesn’t need any software’s or agents on the systems to collect the data.
  • These monitoring tools relies on a variety of protocols such as SNMP, WMI, SSH, NetFlow or others to relay system data and statistics to the central monitoring system.
  • These built-in features monitor and manage infrastructure information without additional agents.
  • Networking devices, servers, flow devices, storage devices, and virtual machines like VMware and Hyper-V are all common components that have agentless monitoring capabilities. 

Difference between Infrastructure Monitoring & Infrastructure Management

Infrastructure monitoring involves collecting and reviewing data associated with the various components of an Organizations IT infrastructure. The main purpose of Infrastructure Monitoring  is to identify a problem and communicates it to the user who is responsible through alerts.

Whereas Infrastructure management then receives that alert or communication and assesses the impact of the issue and evaluates how to mitigate or improve upon the problem.

Effective infrastructure monitoring is a key component for optimal infrastructure management, and both are essential to the productivity and profit of an Organization.


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Cloud Solutions Architect with more than 10 years of experience in designing & deploying application in multiple cloud platforms. Owner of and tech blogs. Email me if you are interested in writing tech articles.

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